1.ABC book

Thanks to the editors Wendy Billot and Aurélie Flammang   


Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée  A delineated rum producing region particular to Martinique island, a French Caribbean Island. A.O.C Martinique was proclaimed by a decree of November 5, 1996. A.O.C. Martinique Rum is made from Martinique terroir and is made from selected sugar canes, known for their richness and the quality of the sugars they contain and distilled in column still : 



Alcohol by volume (ABV, abv, or alc/vol) is a standard measure of how much alcohol is contained in a given volume of an alcoholic beverage, volume percent.


Aged means a rest in oak barrel. 


  • « Vieux », « VO » (Very Old) ou « VS » (Very Special) on compte 3 à partir de 3 ans révolus.
  • «Très Vieux », «Réserve Spéciale », « Cuvée Spéciale », « VSOP » (Very Special Old Pale) on compte 4 à partir de 4 ans révolus
  • «Extra Vieux », « Grande Réserve », « Hors d’Age », « XO» (Extra Old) Au compte 6 à partir de 6 ans révolus : pour les désignations.




Holding a spirit in a barrel, tank to advance them to a more desirable state. 

Aging process

Aging process will change the organoleptic properties are the aspects of the rum via the senses—including taste, sight, smell, and touch. Aging process prupose : make the rum better on a tasting side.  

Agricole (rhum)

"Agricole" rum is made by fermentation of a fresh crushed cane sugar juice. It currently represents less than 5% of world rum production.

Only French Caribbean Islands, Réunion Island from Indian Ocean and rums from Madeira, Portugal Island. The same process of pressed cane juice followed by fermentation and distillation are named "pure cane juice" in other regions of the world. 

Alcohol (tasting feeling)

Unbalanced rum, with a high and powerful sensation of alcohol at the tasting.  

Angel's share

During aging and by natural chemical reaction, there is an exchange between rum, air and wood. An evaporation takes place and it can be more or less important according to the climate. We call that the angel's share. It can be quantified at around 1% per year in temperate climates compared with 10% in tropical climates. In addition to reducing the volume, this evaporation leads to a reduction in the alcoholic strength of the rum. This evaporation promotes the concentration of many components, little or no volatile. Be careful not to make the short cut, as we often see in commercial speeches, and think that 6 years in Europe equals 1 year in the Caribbean. This is totally false because some chemical reactions are only done in a hot environment and others are only done in a temperate environment ... In terms of evaporation, yes, it is possible to say that years in Europe, it can go 2, 3 or 4 times faster in the West Indies. But aging is not just about evaporation. They are completely different ages.

Aromatized rum

White or gold rum with natural flavor added. 


The contrary of "easy going", "easy drinking" rum.


Fiber resulting from the crushing of sugar cane. Generally, it is then recycled as fuel to power the boiler and thus produce the steam necessary for the operation of the distillery. It is also recycled for bioenergy purposes "fuel cane" acting in substitution of electrical energy but also oil, the crushed sugar cane is then used in bioplastic to replace plastic for packaging. An incredible ecological resource.

Balsamic (aromas)

A category of aromas : incense, cedar, pine resin, camphor, juniper, sandalwood, vanilla notes, fir, musk, wax, beeswax,


Small batch therefore indicates a small production and an ultra limited quantity.


A blend of rums. This can be a mixture of several casks, or several distilleries, several profile of rums, several vintages, etc.


Olfactory notes of rum you got it at the nose as well as retro-olfaction. A bouquet means a bunch of differents aromas.